Saturday, June 1, 2013

BIO of Chinese President Xi Jinping

President Xi Jingping
Xi Jinping is the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, the President of the People's Republic of China and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission. 

As the leader of the People's Republic's fifth generation of leadership, he has called for a renewed campaign against corruption, continued market economic reforms, an open approach to governance, and a comprehensive national renewal under the neologism "Chinese Dream".

Born in Beijing in 1953, Xi Jinping is the son of revolutionary veteran Xi Zhongxun, one of the Communist Party's founding fathers. The younger Xi was then sent aged 15 to work in the remote village of Liangjiahe for seven years, like most other "intellectual youth" of the time. 

A local village official who knew Xi at that time described him as "very sincere and honest", adding that he was just like one of them "so everybody liked him very much". Xi has acknowledged that this time spent working alongside villagers was a key experience for him.

From 1975 to 1979, Xi studied chemical engineering at Beijing's prestigious Tsinghua University, which has produced many of China's current top leaders, including Hu Jintao, ex-President of China. From 1998 to 2002, he studied Marxist theory and ideological education in an "on-the-job" post-graduate programme at the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, again at Tsinghua University, and obtained a Doctor of Laws (LLD) degree.

Xi joined the Communist Youth League in 1971 and the Communist Party of China in 1974. In 1982, he was sent to Zhengding County in Hebei as Deputy Secretary to the CPC Zhengding County Committee, and was promoted in 1983 to Secretary of the CPC Zhengding County Committee. 

Xi subsequently served in four provinces during his political career: Shaanxi (1969–1975), Hebei (1982–1985), Fujian (1985–2002), and Zhejiang (2002–2007). He was named party chief of Shanghai in 2007. Shortly after, he was promoted to the party's Standing Committee and became vice-president in 2008.Xi Jinping is seen as pro-business, after working hard to attract foreign investment to Fujian and Zhejiang.

On 15 November 2012, Vice President Xi Jinping was elected to the post of General Secretary of the Communist Party and Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission by the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, making him the top-ranked leader of the Communist Party of China.

Xi was ranked ninth of the 2012 Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People, after taking the office of Party general secretary.

Xi visited Guangdong in his first trip since taking the Party leadership, notably paying tribute to Deng Xiaoping. During his trip, he called for economic reforms and a strong military. Xi launched a series of speeches referring to "The China dream. This dream can be said to be the dream of a strong nation. And for the military, it is a dream of a strong military," Xi told sailors in December 2012.

Xi became Chinese President, the ceremonial head of state of China, on 14 March 2013, in a confirmation vote by the 12th National People's Congress in Beijing. He received 2,952 for, one vote against, and three abstentions. He replaced Hu Jintao, who retired after serving two terms.

He warned some party members that the problems of "corruption, taking bribes, being out of touch with the people, undue emphasis on formalities and bureaucracy must be addressed with great efforts".

"Chinese Dream." It is used to describe the aspiration of individual self-improvement in Chinese society. In May 2013 Xi called upon young people "to dare to dream, work assiduously to fulfill the dreams and contribute to the revitalization of the nation." He called upon all levels of the Party and the government to facilitate favorable conditions for their career development. Xi told young people to "cherish the glorious youth, strive with pioneer spirit and contribute their wisdom and energy to the realization of the Chinese dream."

Xi married the famous Chinese singer Peng Liyuan in 1987. Peng Liyuan, a household name in China, was much better known to the public than Xi until his political elevation. The couple frequently lived apart due largely to their separate professional lives. They are sometimes considered China's emerging star political couple. They have a daughter named Xi Mingze.

Peng described Xi as hardworking and down-to-earth. "When he comes home, I've never felt as if there's some leader in the house. In my eyes, he's just my husband."

(Source: Office of the Prime Minister, Trinidad & Tobago)

No comments:

Jai & Sero

Jai & Sero

Our family at home in Toronto 2008

Our family at home in Toronto 2008
Amit, Heather, Fuzz, Aj, Jiv, Shiva, Rampa, Sero, Jai